Because there are blood vessel changes that occur with diabetes this can weaken the gums and bone, making them more susceptible to infection. On the other hand, uncontrolled periodontal disease may also make it more difficult to control the diabetes and may affect heart conditions.
Smoking is harmful to oral health even for people without diabetes. However, a person with diabetes who smokes is at a much greater risk for gum disease than a person who does not have diabetes.
What are the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease?
The following are the most common signs and symptoms of gum disease. However, each person may experience symptoms differently. Signs and symptoms may include -
- Red, swollen, tender gums
- Bleeding while brushing and/or flossing
- Receding gums
- Loose or separating teeth
- Persistent bad breath
- Dentures that no longer fit
- Pus between the teeth and gums
- A change in bite and jaw alignment
The signs and symptoms of gum disease may resemble other conditions or medical problems. Consult a dentist or other oral health specialist for a diagnosis. Let your dentist or hygienist know about your blood glucose levels and keep them informed of any changes in your condition and any medication you are taking.